Varunam Super Speciality Hospital

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Critical Care

Critical care is medical care for people who have life-threatening injuries and illnesses. It usually takes place in an intensive care unit (ICU). A team of specially-trained health care providers gives you 24-hour care. This includes using machines to constantly monitor your vital signs. It also usually involves giving you specialized treatments.
Critical care can be provided wherever life is threatened – at the scene of an accident, in an ambulance, in a hospital emergency room, or in the operating room. Most critical care today, however, is delivered in highly specialized intensive care units. Various terminologies like Critical Care Unit, Intensive Therapy Unit, and Coronary Care Unit may be used to describe such services in a hospital.

Precautions in Critical Care

  1. Infection Control: Critical care units are prone to infections, so strict infection control measures are necessary. This includes regular hand hygiene, proper use of personal protective equipment (PPE) such as gloves, masks, and gowns, and adhering to isolation protocols for contagious patients.

  2. Equipment Safety: Ensure that medical equipment, such as ventilators, cardiac monitors, and infusion pumps, are functioning properly and are regularly maintained. Follow safety guidelines while using and handling these devices.

  3. Medication Safety: Administer medications with caution, following the prescribed dosages and ensuring accurate calculations. Keep a record of administered drugs and their effects, and be aware of potential drug interactions or allergies.

  4. Patient Positioning: Position critically ill patients carefully to prevent complications such as pressure ulcers, blood circulation issues, and respiratory distress. Regularly assess and readjust their positions to maintain optimal comfort and prevent complications.

  5. Fall Prevention: Implement measures to prevent falls, as critically ill patients may be weak or disoriented. Use bed alarms, bed rails, and encourage patients to call for assistance when they need to move.

  6. Communication: Clear communication is crucial in critical care settings. Ensure effective communication among the healthcare team, patients, and their families to provide accurate information, address concerns, and coordinate care.