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OB-GYNs provide a wide range of preventive care services, including pap smears, STI testing, pelvic exams, ultrasounds, and blood work.
Obstetrics is the branch of medicine that focuses on pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. Obstetricians are medical professionals specialized in providing prenatal care, managing labor and delivery, and monitoring the health of both the mother and the baby.
Obstetricians focus on pregnancy and related health issues, while gynecologists focus on general reproductive health. These two types of medical professionals work together closely. In some cases, these doctors may have certifications in both obstetrics and gynecology, under the OB/GYN title.

Care Precautions during Pregnancy:

  • Regular prenatal check-ups: Attend scheduled appointments with your obstetrician to monitor the progress of your pregnancy and address any concerns.
  • Balanced diet: Maintain a healthy and well-balanced diet to provide essential nutrients for you and your baby’s development.
  • Exercise: Engage in moderate exercise with your healthcare provider’s approval to promote overall health and prepare for labor.
  • Avoid harmful substances: Stay away from tobacco, alcohol, illicit drugs, and certain medications that can harm the baby.
  • Adequate rest: Get sufficient sleep and rest to support your well-being during pregnancy.

Obstetric Treatment

  • Prenatal care: Regular prenatal visits to your obstetrician involve physical examinations, ultrasounds, blood tests, and discussions about your health and the baby’s progress.
  • Labor and delivery management: Obstetricians provide guidance and support during labor, ensuring the safety of both the mother and the baby.
  • Cesarean section (C-section): In cases where vaginal delivery poses risks, a C-section may be performed to deliver the baby through a surgical incision in the abdomen.

Care and Recovery

  • Postpartum care: After delivery, obstetric care includes monitoring the mother’s recovery, providing guidance on breastfeeding, managing any postpartum complications, and addressing emotional well-being.
  • Support and education: Obstetricians often provide information and support to help new parents adjust to the physical and emotional changes associated with childbirth.
  • Long-term follow-up: Some obstetric conditions may require ongoing monitoring or treatment even after delivery.

Diagnostic Tests:

  • Ultrasound: Uses sound waves to create images of the fetus and assess its development.
  • Blood tests: Measure hormone levels, screen for genetic conditions, and assess overall health.
  • Non-stress test (NST): Monitors the baby’s heart rate and movements to evaluate their well-being.
  • Amniocentesis: Involves extracting a small amount of amniotic fluid for genetic testing or to evaluate fetal lung maturity.